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安提瓜和巴布达海洋区域法
The Maritime Areas Act
【发布部门】安提瓜和巴布达国会 【发文字号】
【发布日期】1982年09月01日 【实施日期】1982年09月01日
【时效性】现行有效 【效力级别】法律
【法规类别】安提瓜和巴布达法规规划 【来源】联合国粮农组织网站

安提瓜和巴布达海洋区域法

【法律沿革】

本法于1982年9月1日生效

【内容介绍】

本法共35条,涉及该国海域的界定及与邻国间的划界,从内容来看,本法内容基本遵循了《海洋法公约》的规定,如群岛海道、过境通行制以及通过领海外国船舶的刑事管辖等。

【内容出处】

http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC001009

海洋区域法(1982)(The Maritime Areas Act 1982)


Arrangementof Sections Section

1.Short title.

2.Interpretation.

3.Internal waters.

4.Archipelagic waters.

5.Limits of territorial sea.

6.Baselines of territorial sea.

7.Contiguous zone. Continental shelf.

9.Delimitation of continental shelf in certain cases.

10.Exclusive economic zone.

11.Fishery zone.

12.Jurisdiction in respect of internal waters, archipelagic waters and territorialsea.

13.Jurisdiction in exclusive economic zone.

14.Jurisdiction in fishery zone.

15.Jurisdiction in respect of the continental shelf.

16.International activities in exclusive economic zone.

17.Negotiating maritime boundaries.

18.Entitlement to right of innocent passage.

19.Non-innocent passage.

20.Transit passage.

21.Archipelagic sea lanes passage.

22.Power of Police and authorised persons.

23.Immunity.

24.Jurisdiction.

25.Charts of maritime areas etc.

26.Evidence of charts etc.

27.Publicity of charts etc.

28.Regulations.

29.Offence.

30.Arrest on board foreign ship in territorial sea, etc.

31.Civiljurisdiction in relation to foreign ships in territorial sea.

32.Sea lanes etc.

33.Binding of the Crown.

34.Application of laws.

35.Repeal.

 

MARITIME AREAS

(1stSeptember, 1982.)    

1.This Act may be cited as the Maritime Areas Act.

Interpretation

2.In this Interpretation.

"archipelagicwaters" means the waters defined in section 4;

"baselines"means the baselines of the territorial sea specified in section 6;

"CompetentAuthority" means the Minister or any per- son designated by him as theCompetent Authority for the purposes of this Act;

"continentalshelf' means the continental shelf of Antigua and Barbuda as defined in Section8;

"exclusiveeconomic zone" means the exclusive economic zone of Antigua and Barbuda asdefined in section 10;

"fisheryzone" means the fishery zone of Antigua and Barbuda as defined in section11;

"foreignship" means the ship of a foreign state; "foreign state" means astate other than Antigua and Barbuda;

"innocentpassage" means passage which is not deemed to be prejudicial to the peace,good order or security of Antigua and Barbuda;

"internalwaters'' means the internal waters of Antigua and Barbuda as defined in section3;

"low-waterline" means the low-water line of the coasts of Antigua and Barbuda atlowest astronomicaltide;

"Minister"means the Minister responsible for Exter- nal affairs;

"nauticalmile" means the  internationalnautical  mile of 1852 metres;

"passage7'means the navigation of a ship in archipelagic waters or the territorial seawithout stopping or hovering, but includes stopping, hovering and anchoring inso far as the same are rendered necessary by force  or by reason of distress or for the purposeof affording assistance to per- sons, ships or aircraft in danger or distress;

"ship"includes vessel, boat or sea-craft of any kind; "submarine areas"includes the sea-bed and subsoil thereof;

"territorialsea" means the territorial sea of Antigua and Barbuda as defined insection 5;

Internalwaters.

3.(1)The internal waters of Antigua and Barbuda comprise the areas of the sea thatare on the landward side

(a)the low-water line; or

(b)closing lines prescribed pursuant to subsection (2).

(2)The Minister may, whenever he considers it appropriate to do so having regardto international law and practice, by order prescribe closing lines for thepurpose of defining any of the internal waters of Antigua and Barbuda.

Archipelagicwaters.

4.TheArchipelagic waters of Antigua and Barbuda comprise the areas of the sea (otherthan internal waters) on the landward side of the baselines.

5.(1) Subject to subsection (2) the territorial sea of Antigua and Barbudacomprises those areas of the sea having, as their landward limit, the baselinesand, as their seaward limit, a line measured seaward from the baselines, everypoint of which is twelve nautical miles distant from the nearest point of thebaselines.

(2)Where the equidistance line between Antigua and Barbuda and a foreign state isless than twelve nautical miles from the nearest point of the baselines,  the delimitation  of the territorial sea shall, if practical,be effected by agreement between Antigua and Barbuda and the foreign state; butto the extent that no such agreement is effected, the equidistance line shallconstitute the seaward limit of the territorial sea.

(3)In this section "equidistance line" as between Antigua and Barbudaand a foreign state, means a line every point of which is equidistant from thenearest point of the baselines and the corresponding baselines of the foreignstate.

Baselinesof territorial sea.

6.The baselines, for the purpose of measuring the breadth of the territorial sea,shall be straight archipelagic baselines drawn in relation to Antigua andBarbuda.

Contiguouszone.

7.(1) Subject to subsection (2) the contiguous zone of Antigua and Barbudacomprises those areas of the sea that are beyond and adjacent to theterritorial sea having, as their seaward limit, a line measured seaward fromthe baselines, every point of which is twenty four nautical miles distant fromthe nearest point of the baselines.

(2)Thecontiguous zone shall not extend into any part of the territorial sea of aforeign state and, where appropriate, subsection (1) shall operate as though itwere modified to the extent necessary to meet the requirement of thissubsection in any particular case.

(3)Antiguaand Barbuda has and may exercise in respect of the contiguous zone suchsovereign rights as Antigua and Barbuda deems necessary to prevent, or punishthe infringement, within Antigua and Barbuda (including the archipelagic watersand the territorial sea), of any enactment providing controls or prohibitionsfor or with respect to customs, excise, immigration or sanitation.

Continentalshelf.

8.(1) Subject to subsection (3) the continental shelf of Antigua and Barbudacomprises those areas of the seabed and subsoil of the submarine areas that arebeyond and adjacent to the territorial sea throughout the natural prolongationof the land territory of Antigua and Barbuda to the outer edge of thecontinental margin, or to a distance of two hundred nautical miles from thenearest point of the baselines when the outer edge of the continental margindoes not extend up to that distance.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1) wherever the continental margin extendsbeyond two hundred nautical miles from the nearest point of the baselines, theouter limits of the continental shelf shall be established with all due regardto the requirements and limitations of international law relevant to theestablishment and delineation of the continental shelf beyond that distance.

(3)Forthe purposes of this section, the continental margin comprises the submergedprolongation of the land mass of Antigua and Barbuda consisting of the seabedand subsoil of the shelf, the slope and the rise, but does not include the deepocean floor with its oceanic ridge or the subsoil thereof.

Delimitationof continental shelf in certain cases.    

9.(1) Wherever the equidistance line between Antigua and Barbuda and a foreignstate is less than two hundred nautical miles from the nearest point of thebaselines, the delimitation of the continental shelf shall be effected byagreement between Antigua and Barbuda and the foreign state on the basis ofinternational law in order to  achieve anequitable settlement.

(2)In this section, "equidistance line", as between Antigua and Barbudaand a foreign state means a line every point of which is equidistant from thepoint of the baselines and the corresponding baselines of the foreign state.

Exclusiveeconomic zone.

10.Theexclusive economic zone comprise those areas of the sea and of the submarinearea that are beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea, having as theirseaward limit a boundary line which at every point is a distance of two hundrednautical miles or such other lesser distance from the nearest point of thebaselines as the Minister by order prescribes.

Fisheryzone.

11.Thefishery zone comprises those areas of the sea that are beyond and adjacent tothe territorial sea, having as their seaward limit a boundary line which atevery point is a distance of two hundred nautical miles or such other lesserdistance from the nearest point of the baselines as the Minister by orderprescribes.

Jurisdictionin respect of internal water. archipelagic waters and territorial sea.

12.Antiguaand Barbuda exercises sovereignty over-

(a)the internal waters, archipelagic waters and territorial sea; and   

(b)the airspace over the bed and subsoil of the internal waters, archipelagicwaters and territorial sea.

Jurisdictionin exclusive economic zone.

13.Inthe exclusive economic zone Antigua and Barbuda shall, subject to internationallaw, exercise-

(a)sovereignrights for the purpose of exploration, exploitation, conservation andmanagement for the natural resources, both living and non-living, of theexclusive economic zone as well as sovereign rights with regard to producingenergy from tides, winds and cur- rents in the exclusive economic zone;

(b)jurisdictionwith regard to-

(i)theestablishment and use of artificial islands, installations and structures,

(ii)marinescientific research, and

(iii)theprotection and preservation of the marine environment; and

(c) suchother rights and duties for which provision is made by international law.

Jurisdictionin fishery zone.

14.Inthe fishery zone Antigua and Barbuda shall exercise the right and exclusiveauthority to explore and exploit, conserve and manage the fishery resources ofthe fishery zone and the submarine areas thereof in accordance withinternational law.

Jurisdictionin respect of the continental shelf.

15.Inrespect of the continental shelf Antigua and Barbuda shall, subject tointernational law,

(a)sovereignrights for the purpose of the exploration for, and exploitation and managementof, natural resources;

(b)theexclusive rights to construct and to authorise and regulate the construction,operation and use

(i)artificialislands;

(ii)installationsand structures for the purposes provided for under paragraph (a) or any othereconomic purposes;

(iii)installationsand structures which may interfere with the exercise of Antigua and Barbudarights in respect of the continental shelf; and

(c)theexclusive right to regulate, authorise and conduct marine scientific research.

Internationalactivities in exclusive economic zone.

16.Antiguaand Barbuda recognises the freedoms of navigation and overflight and of thelaying of submarine cables and pipelines and other related activities on orwithin the continental shelf or the exclusive economic zone in accordance withthe principles, practice and provisions of international law.

Negotiatingmaritime boundaries.

17.Wherethe sea or waters of any foreign state are adjacent or opposite to theterritorial sea, and the continental shelf or the exclusive economic zone andthere is any dispute, difference or disagreement between that foreign state andGovernment  concerning any matter or thingrelating to the seaward limits of the territorial sea, and the continentalshelf or the exclusive economic zone, it shall be lawful for the Government to enter into negotiations with thatforeign state with a view to resolving or otherwise settling such dispute,difference or disagreement.

Entitlementto right of innocent passage.

18.(1)Subject to subsection (2) and section 19 (1), 19 (2) and 19 (3) a foreign shipshall be entitled to enjoy the right of innocent passage in archipelagic watersand the territorial sea.

(2)Aforeign ship of war shall not navigate in archipelagic waters and theterritorial sea without the prior permission of the Competent Authorityobtained by the State to which the ship belongs.

Non-innocentpassage.

19.(1)Subject to subsection the passage of a foreign ship shall be deemed to beprejudicial to the peace, good order and security of Antigua and Barbuda if,without the prior permission of the Competent Authority  obtained by the captainor person in charge of the ship, the ship while in archipelagic waters or theterritorial sea, engages in  any of thefollowing

(a)anythreat or use of force against the sovereignty, territorial integrity orpolitical independence of Antigua and Barbuda, or acts in any other  manner in violation of the principles of international law embodied in theCharter of the United Nations;

(b)anyexercise or practice with weapons of any kind;

(c)anyact aimed at collecting information to the prejudice of the defence or securityof Antigua and Barbuda;

(d)thelaunching, landing or taking on board of any aircraft or military device;

(e)theloading or unloading of any person, commodity or currency contrary to thecustoms, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws;

(f)anywilful act of pollution calculated  orlikely to cause damage or harm to Antigua and Barbuda, its resources or itsmarine environment;

(g)any fishing activities;

(h)the carrying out of research or survey activities;

(i)anyact aimed at interfering  with anysystems of communication or any other facilities or installations of Antiguaand Barbuda; or

(j)suchother activity as may be prescribed.

(2)Inthe archipelagic waters or the territorial sea, any submarine or otherunderwater vehicle is,  for  the purpose of exercising the right of innocent passage, required tonavigate on the surface and to show its flag.

(3)TheMinister may, by Order published in the Gazette, suspend the right of innocentpassage for such and in  such of thearchipelagic waters or the territorial sea as specified in the Order, where heis satisfied that it is essential to do so for the protection of the securityof Antigua and Barbuda, including weapon exercises.

(4)Thepassage of a foreign ship of war in archipelagic waters or the territorial seashall be deemed to be prejudicial to the peace, good order or security ofAntigua and Barbuda if the ship navigates in archipelagic waters or theterritorial sea without the permission required by section 18 (2).

Transitpassage.

20.(1) Every foreign ship or aircraft may, subject to and in accordance with thisAct and International law, exercise in relation to a relevant strait the rightof transit passage, that is to say, the right of freedom of navigation for thepurpose of continuous and expeditious transit of the relevant strait.

(2)Forthe purpose of subsection (1) a foreign ship or aircraft that engages in arelevant strait in any activity of a kind referred to in section 19 (1) shallbe deemed to have engaged in an activity which is not an exercise of the rightof transit passage.

(3)Inexercising the right of transit passage of a relevant strait a foreign shipshall comply

(a)generally accepted international regulations, procedures and practices forsafety at sea, or for the prevention reduction and control of pollution fromships, which have effect in the strait; and

(b)the provisions of the regulations, and any enactment, order or direction, whichhave effect in the strait, for or with respect

(i)the safety of navigation and the regulation of marine traffic, including theuse of sea lanes

andthe operation of traffic separation schemes;

(ii)fishing vessels, and the prevention of fishing including the stowage of fishinggear; and

(iii)customs, excise, immigration or sanitation controls in relation to the loadingor unloading of any commodity, currency or person.

(4)Inexercising the right of transit passage of a relevant strait, an

(a)shall observe the Rules of the Air established by the International Civil Aviation Organisation as theyapply to civil aircraft, and a state aircraft shall normally comply with suchsafety measures and shall at all times operate with due regard for the safetyof navigation; and

(b)shall at all times monitor the radio frequency assigned by the appropriateinternationally designated air traffic control authority or the appropriateinternational distress radio frequency.

(5)Inthis section, "relevant strait" means a strait between Antigua andBarbuda and a foreign State which is being used for international navigationbetween-

(a)one part of the high seas or an exclusive economic zone; and

(b)another part of the high seas or an exclusive economic zone.

Archipelagicsea lanes passage.

21.(1)Every foreign ship or aircraft may, subject to and in accordance with this Actand international law, exercise the right of archipelagic sea lanes passage,that is to say, the right of navigation and overflight in the normal modethrough or over archipelagic waters for the purpose of continuous, expeditiousand unobstructed transit between-

(a)onepart of the high seas or an exclusive economic zone; and

(b)anotherpart of the high seas or an exclusive economic zone.

(2)Subjectto subsection (4) the right of archipelagic sea lanes passage shall beexercised only through sea lanes or air routes designated pursuant to section32.

(3)Inexercising the right of archipelagic sea lanes passage a foreign ship shallobserve international regulations, procedures and practices of the kindreferred to in section 20 (3) (a), and the regulations, enactments, orders ordirections of the kind referred to in section 20 (3) (b), which have effect inthe archipelagic waters.

(4)Ifthe Minister does not, pursuant to section 32, designate sea lanes or airroutes through or over archipelagic waters, the right of archipelagic sea lanespassage may be exercised through the routes normally used for internationalnavigation.

Powerof Police and authorized persons.

22.(1) Where a foreign ship engages in any of the activities specified in section19 (1) or where a submarine or other underwater vehicle fails to comply withsection 19 (2) or where a member of the Police Force or person authorised bythe Minister in writing suspects upon reasonable grounds that a foreign ship isengaged in any such activity, such member of the Police Force or authorisedperson may-

(a)stop and board the offending ship for the purpose of carrying out enquiries andinvestigations;

(b)without a warrant arrest the offending ship and bring it to a port in Antiguaand Barbuda;

(c)without a warrant arrest the captain and any person on board the shipparticipating in the activity of the ship which is deemed to be prejudicial tothe peace, good order or security of Antigua and Barbuda.

(2)Wherethe passage of a foreign ship is deemed to be prejudicial to the peace, goodorder or security of Antigua and Barbuda, the captain or other person in chargeof such ship and any person participating in the activities of the ship whichis deemed to be so prejudicial, is guilty of an offence under this Act.

(3)Inthe exercise under this section of the power of enforcement against a foreignship a member of the Police Force or a person authorised by the Minister shallnot endanger the safety of navigation or otherwise create any hazard to theship, or bring the ship to an unsafe port or anchorage, or expose the marineenvironment to an unreasonable risk.

Immunity

23.(1)Where the passage of a foreign ship is deemed to be prejudicial to the peace,good order or security of Antigua and Barbuda and the ship or any person onboard thereof who participates in the activity which is deemed to beprejudicial is entitled to state or other immunity recognised

bylaw, the flag state of such ship and the state of nationality of such personshall be deemed to bear international responsibility for the activity of theship.

(2)Where the flag state of a ship or the state of nationality of a person isdeemed to bear international responsibility under this section, the Ministershall take all steps possible to obtain redress under international law.

Jurisdiction

24.(1)For the purposes of the exercise of the of the courts of Antigua and Barbuda,the territory of Antigua and Barbuda shall include the internal waters thearchipelagic waters and the territorial sea.

(2)Where any offence punishable on summary conviction is committed or suspected tohave been committed within or in relation to the internal waters thearchipelagic waters or the territorial sea, the offence may be dealt with anddeter- mined by a magistrate appointed to any magisterial District, and such  shall have and exercise all the Dowers.privileges, rights and jurisdiction as are conferred on him by the Magistrate'sCode of Procedure Act.     

(3)The quasi-criminal and the civil jurisdiction conferred on a magistrate by theMagistrate's Code of Procedure Act shall in relation to the internal waters thearchipelagic waters and the territorial sea be exercised by a magistrateappointed to any magisterial District.

(4)The jurisdiction conferred on any court under this Act shall be withoutprejudice to any jurisdiction conferred or exercisable by such court apart fromthis Act.

Chartsof maritime areas etc.

25.TheMinister shall cause to be prepared such charts or lists of geographicalco-ordinates as he thinks fit, showing all or any of the following

(a)the low-water line, closing lines prescribed pursuant to section 3(2) or thebaselines,

(b)the seaward limits of the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the continentalshelf or the exclusive economic zone,

(c)the axis of sea la or traffic separation schemes designated or prescribepursuant to section 32.

Evidenceof charts etc.

26.Adocument, purporting to be certified by the Minister to be a true copy of achart or list of geographical coordinates prepared pursuant to section 25,      be received in any proceedings as evidenceof any matter refer- red to in that section and shown in the document.

Publicityof charts etc.

27.The Minister shall cause-

(a)due publicity to be given to charts or lists of geographical co-ordinatesprepared pursuant to section 25; and

(b) acopy of each chart or list to be deposited with the Secretary-General of theUnited Nations.

Regulations.

28.(1)The Minister may make

(a)forthe safety of navigation and the regulation of marine traffic;

(b)forthe conservation of the living resources of the sea;

(c)forthe preservation of the marine environment of Antigua and Barbuda and theprevention and control of pollution thereto;

(d)forthe inspection and admission in evidence before the courts of any chart or listto which section 25 refers;

(e)generally,for regulating the use of the internal waters the archipelagic waters and theterritorial sea including prescribing the fees to be paid for any activity inrelation thereto;

(f)providingfor the forfeiture to the Crown of any ship engaged, or any equipment used, inany of the activities specified in section 19; and

(g)annexingto the contravention of any regulation made under this section a punishment onsummary conviction of a fine of twenty thousand dollars or of imprisonment fora term of two years or both.

(2)Regulations made under this section shall be subject to affirmative resolutionof the Legislature and shall be judicially noticed.

Offence.

29.(1)A person who assaults or obstructs a person acting under the authority of thisAct or the regulations is guilty of an offence under this Act.

(2) Aperson who is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) or section 22 (2) isliable-

(a) aconviction on indictment to a fine of one hundred thousand dollars orimprisonment for a term of five years or both; or

(b)on summary conviction to a fine of twenty thou- sand dollars or imprisonmentfor a term of two years or both.

(3)TheCourt may in addition to any penalty which it may impose under this section foran offence under section 22 (2) order the forfeiture to the Crown of any shipengaged, or equipment used, in any activity which is the subject of theoffence.

Arreston board foreign ship in territorial sea, etc.

30.(1)Subject to this section, where an offence is committed on board a foreign ship(being a  merchant ship or a governmentship operated for commercial purposes) during its passage through theterritorial sea, a prescribed power may be exercised, in relation to theoffence, on board the ship during that passage, only if-

(a)the consequences of the offence extend to Antigua and Barbuda;

(b)the offence is of a kind likely to disturb the peace of Antigua and Barbuda orthe good order of the territorial sea;

(c)the assistance of the Government or of any public officer has been requested bythe master of the foreign ship or by a diplomatic agent or consular officer ofthe relevant foreign state; or

(d)it is necessary to exercise a prescribed power for the purpose of suppressingany illicit traffic in narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances.

(2)Thelimitations in subsection (1) shall not apply in any case where a foreign shipis passing through the territorial sea after leaving internal waters.

(3)Subjectto this section where a foreign ship, proceeding from a port outside Antiguaand Barbuda, is passing through the territorial sea without having enteredinternal waters, a prescribed power may be exercised in  relation to any offence committed before theship entered the territorial sea, on board the ship during that passage onlyif-

(a)thereare clear grounds for believing that the ship has, in the exclusive economiczone, committed a violation of-

(i)applicableinternational rules and standards for the prevention, reduction and control ofpollution from ships; or

(ii)anyprovision of the regulations or any enactment conforming to and giving effectto any such rules and standards; and

(b)thereare clear grounds for believing that the violation has resulted in asubstantial discharge causing or threatening significant pollution of themarine environment; or

(c)thereis clear objective evidence that the violation has resulted in a dischargecausing major damage or the threat of major damage to the coastline of Antiguaand Barbuda, or to any resources of  itsterritorial  sea  or exclusive economic zone.

(4)Nothingin this section shall affect the exercise of any power under section 22.

(5)Thedecision to exercise, and the exercise of, a prescribed power in circumstancesof the  kind referred to in subsection(1) or (3) shall be made or, as the case may be, carried out, with due regardto the interest of navigation.

(6)Theprescribed power referred to in subsection (8) (a) shall not be exercised inrelation to a ship unless the ship has refused, when lawfully required to doso, to give information regarding its identity and port of registry, its lastand next port of call and other relevant information required to establishwhether a violation of the kind referred to in subsection (3) (a) has occurred.

(7)Theprescribed power referred to in subsection (8) (b) shall not be exercised inrelation to a ship where appropriate procedures, which bind Antigua andBarbuda, have been established, either through the competent inter- nationalorganisation or as otherwise agreed, whereby compliance with requirements forlanding or other appropriate financial security has been assured in relation tothe ship.

(8)Forthe purpose of this section, "prescribed power" means the power lawfullyto arrest any person or to conduct an investigation into any alleged offence,

(a)forthe purpose of subsection 3 (b), includes a power to undertake a physicalinspection of a ship for matters relating to a violation of the kind referredto in subsection (3) (a); and

(b)forthe purposes of subsection (3) (b), includes a power to detain a ship.

Civiljurisdiction in relation to foreign ships in territorial sea.

31.(1)Noforeign ship passing through the sea shall be stopped or diverted for thepurposes only the exercise of any civil jurisdiction in relation to a person onboard the ship.

(2)Subjectto subsection (3) no person shall arrest or levy execution against a foreignship passing through the territorial sea for the purpose of any civilproceedings, except where the proceedings are in respect of obligations orliabilities assumed or incurred in relation to the ship in the course or forthe purpose of its voyage through the territorial sea.

(3)Subsection(2) in so far as it prohibits the arrest of, or levying of execution against, aforeign ship, shall not apply in the case of a foreign ship which is lying inor passing through the territorial sea after leaving internal waters.

Sealanes etc.

32.TheMinister may, by order-

(a)designatesea lanes or air routes to be used for or in connection with the exercise ofand right of innocent transit or archipelagic sea lanes passage under this Act;and

(b)prescribetraffic separation schemes.

Bindingof the Crown.

33.ThisAct binds the Crown.

Applicationof laws.

34.(1)Any reference in an enactment or law having effect as a part of the law ofAntigua and Barbuda prior to the commencement of this Act, to coastal waters,territorial waters, waters of Antigua and Barbuda and Redonda or any analagousexpression in whatever terms used, shall be construed as a reference tointernal waters, archipelagic waters and the territorial sea.

(2)Any reference in any enactment or law having effect as a part of the law ofAntigua and Barbuda prior to the commencement of this Act to a distance ofthree miles or a longer or shorter distance in relation to coastal waters,territorial waters, waters of Antigua and Barbuda and Redonda or any analagousexpression in whatever terms used, shall be construed as a reference to adistance of twelve nautical miles or the equidistance line under section 5 (2).

Repeal.41& 42Vict. C.73

35.The Territorial Waters Jurisdiction Act, 1878, of the United Kingdom Parliamentand any Act of the United Kingdom Parliament altering that Act, in so far asthey form part of the law of Antigua and Barbuda, are repealed.


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