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斯里兰卡国家环境法
National Environmental Act
【发布部门】斯里兰卡国会 【发文字号】
【发布日期】2000年08月18日 【实施日期】1980年01月01日
【时效性】现行有效 【效力级别】法律
【法规类别】斯里兰卡法规规划 【来源】联合国粮农组织网站

国家环境法

【法律沿革】

本法于1980年1月1日公布实施,经1988年12月12日,2000年8月18日修改。

【内容介绍】

本法分5部分,共计33条。本法建立中央环境管理局,并规定其权力、职能和职责,规定环境以及相关事务或事故的保护与管理,分为中央环境管理局和环境委员会的建立、管理局的权力、职能和职责、管理局职员、环境管理及其他。

【内容出处】

http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC013492

国家环境法(NationalEnvironmental Act)


No.47of 1980

1. This Act may be cited asthe NationalEnvironmental Act, and shall comeintooperation on such date as the Minister mayappoint by Order published in theGazette.

 

PART I

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CENTRAL

ENVIRONME"'TAL AUTHORITYAND

AN ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL

2. (1) For the purposes ofthis Act thereshall be established an Authority called theCentral EnvironmentalAuthority.

(2) The CentralEnvironmentalAuthority established under subsection (1)(hereinafter referred toas " the Authority")shall consist of the persons who are for thetimebeing members of the Authority undersubsection (1) of section 3.

(3) The Authority shall, bythe nameassigned toit by subsection (1), be a bodycorporate and shall haveperpetualsuccession and a common seal and may sueor be sued in such name.

3. (1) The Authority shallconsist of three members appointed by the President in consultation with theMinister—

(a) two of whom shall haveadequate expertise and qualifications in the subject of the environment; and

(b) one of whom shall havesuitable administrative skill and experience in environmental management.

(2) The President shallappoint one ofsuch members to be the Chairman of the Authority.

4. (1) The seal of theAuthority shall be in the custody of the Authority.

(2) The seal of the Authoritymay bealtered in such manner as may bedetermined by the Authority.

(3) The seal of the Authorityshall notbe affixed to any instrument or documentexcept in the presence of twomembers ofthe Authority both of whom shall sign theinstrument or document intoken of theirpresence.

5. (1) The Authority shallhave its own Fund. There shall be credited to the Fund of the Authority-

(a) all such sums of money as maybevoted, from time to time, by Parliament for the use of the Authority;

(b) all such sums of money asmay be received by the Authority in the exercise, discharge and performance ofits powers, functions and duties: and

(c) all such sums of money asmay be received by the Authority by way of loans, donations, gifts, or grantsfrom any sources whatsoever, whether in or outside Sri Lanka.

(2) There shall be paid outof the Fund ofthe Authority all such sums of moneyrequired to defray anyexpenditureincurred by the Authority in the exercise, discharge and performanceof its powers, functions and duties.

(3) The initial capital ofthe Authority shall be twenty million rupees. The amountof the initial capitalshall be paid out of the Consolidated Fund in such installments asthe Ministerin charge of the subject ofFinance may in consultation with the Ministerdetermine and such sums shall becredited to the Fund established under subsection(1).

6. (1) The financial year oftheAuthority shall be the calendar year.

(2) The Authority shall causeproperbooks of accounts to be kept of the incomeand expenditure, assets andliabilities andall other transactions of the Authority.

(3) The Auditor-General shallaudit the accounts of the Authority every year in accordance with Article 154of theConstitution.

(4) The Authority shallannually preparea report of the work of the Authority and forward such reportto the Auditor-Generalwho shall, together with his report table such reports inParliament and such reportsshall be published in the Gazette for general informationbefore the lapse of the yearsucceeding the year to which such report ofthefinances relate.

7. (1) There shall beestablished theEnvironmental Council (hereinafter referredto as “the Council") whichshall consist ofthe following members appointed by theMinister :-

(a) a senior officer of theMinistrycharged with the subject of Local Government nominated by theMinisterin charge of that subject:

(b) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject of Finance nominated by the Minister inchargeof that subject;

(c) a senior officer of theMinistrycharged with the subject of PlanImplementation nominated by the Ministerin charge of that subject;

(d) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject of Lands nominated by the Minister Inchargeof that subject;

(e) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject of Health nominated by the Minister inchargeof that subject;

if) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject ofIndustries nominated by the Minister incharge of that subject:

(g) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject of Transport nominated by the Minister incharge of that subject:

(h) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject of Powerand Energy nominated by the Ministerin charge of that subject:

(i) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject of Highways nominated by the Minister incharge of that subject;

(j) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject ofAgriculture nominated by theMinister incharge of that subject:

(k) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject ofFisheries nominated by the Ministerincharge of that subject;

(l) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject of Tourism nominated by the Minister Inchargeof that subject;

(m) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject of Labour nominated by the Minister inchargeof that subject;

(n) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject of Textile Industry nominated by theMinisterin charge of that subject;

(o) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject of Plantation Industry nominated bytheMinister in charge of thatsubject;

(p) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject of ForeignAffairs nominated by the Ministerincharge of that subject;

(q) a senior officer of theMinistry charged with the subject ofEducation nominated by theMinister incharge of that subject;

(r) a senior officer nominated bythe Minister in charge of the Greater Colombo Economic Commission establishedunder the Greater Colombo Economic CommissionLaw;

(s) the person holding officefor the timebeing as the General Manager ofthe Authority; and

(t) three members nominatedby theMinister to represent the interestsof voluntary agencies in the field of environment.

(2) The Minister shallappoint one ofthe members appointed under subsection (1) to be the Chairman ofthe Council.

(3) The functions of theCouncil shallbe-

(a) generally to advise theAuthority onmatters pertaining to itsresponsibilities, powers, dutiesandfunctions; and

(b) to advise the Authority onany mattersreferred to the Council by theAuthority.

8. (1) A person shall bedisqualified from being appointed or from continuing asa member of theAuthority or Council-

(a) if he is, or becomes, amember of Parliament; or

(b) if he is not, or ceases tobe, a citizenof Sri Lanka.

(2) The persons appointedundersections 3 (1) and 7 (1) shall, subject to the provisions of subsections(4) and (5) of thissection, as the case may be, hold office for aterm of threeyears and shall be eligible for reappointment.

(3) (a) no member of the Authorityshallbe a member of the Council; and

(b) no member of the Councilshall be amember of the Authority.

(4) The President inconsultation withthe Minister shall remove from office anymember of theAuthority-

(a) if he becomes subject to anyof the disqualifications set out insubsection (1) ; or

(b) if he becomes permanentlyincapable of performing his duties owing to any physical disabilityorunsoundness of mind; or

(c) if he does any act which, inthe opinion of the President, is likely tobring the Authority into disrepute.

(5) The Minister shall removefrom office any member of the Council-

(a) if he becomes subject to anyof thedisqualifications set out insubsection(1); or

(b) if he becomes permanentlyincapable of performing his duties owingto any physical disability or unsoundnessof mind; or

(c) if he does any act which intheopinion of the Minister is likely tobring the Council into disrepute:

Provided, however, that nomember ofthe Council shall be removed from office, without the concurrence ofthe Minister who nominated such member.

(6) In the event of thevacation of office of the Chairman or any other member ofthe Authority fromoffice under the provisions of this section the President inconsultation withthe Minister may appoint another person to hold such office during theunexpired part of the term of office of the member whom he succeeds.

(7) Inthe event of the vacation of office of the Chairman or any othermember ofthe Council from office under the provisions of this section theMinister may appoint another person to hold such office during the unexpiredpart of the term of office of the member whom he succeeds:

Provided, however, that noappointment shall be made under this subsection, without the concurrence of theMinister who nominated such member.

(8) If the Chairman or anymember ofthe Authority is temporarily unable to discharge the duties of hisoffice due to ill health or absence from Sri Lanka or for anyother cause, thePresident in consultation with the Minister may appoint some other person toact in his place as Chairman or as member.

(9) If the Chairman or anymember ofthe Council is temporarily unable to discharge the duties of hisoffice due to ill health or absence from Sri Lanka or for anyother cause theMinister may appoint someother person to act in his place as Chairman or asmember:

Provided, however, that nosuch appointment shall be made without the concurrence of the Minister whonominated such member.

(10) The Chairman or anymember ofthe Authority may at any time resign his office by letter in thatbehalf addressed to the President.

(11) The Chairman or anymember of the Council may at any time resign his office by letter in thatbehalf addressed to the Minister.

(12) The Chairman or any memberofthe Authority, or the Chairman or anymember of the Council may be paidsuchremuneration out of the Fund of theAuthority as may be determined bytheMinister.

(13) The Chairman of theAuthority orCouncil shall, if present, preside at all meetings of theAuthority, or Council, as the case may be. In the absence of the Chairman ofthe Authority or Council at any such meeting, the members present shall electone of the members to preside at the meeting.

(14) (a) The quorum for any meeting ofthe Authority shall be two members.

(b) The quorum for any meeting ofthe Council shall be seven members.

(15) (a) The Authority or Council,asthe case may be, may regulate the procedure in regard to the meetings of suchAuthority or Council and the transaction of businessat such meetings.

(b) Meetings of the Authorityshall beheld at such times and places as the Authority determines.

(c) The Council shall meet atleast fourtimes each year at such times and places asare fixed by theAuthority.

(16) The Authority shall, inthe exercise, discharge and performance of its powers, functions and dutiesunder this Act. Be subject to such general or special directions as may, fromtime to time, be issued by the Minister.

(17) A member of theAuthority shallnot, except in special circumstances and with the consent inwriting of the President in consultation with the Minister during his continuancein office, directly or indirectly engage in any paid employment outside the dutiesof his office.

(18) No act or proceeding oftheAuthority or Council shall be invalid by reason of the existence of avacancy amongtheir respective members or any defect inthe appointment of amember.

9. (1) The Authority shallappoint aDistrict Environmental Agency for each administrative district consistingof such members as the Authority may determine.

(2) The Government Agent ofeach administrative district shall be the Chairman of each DistrictEnvironmental Agency.

(3) A District EnvironmentalAgency shall exercise, discharge or perform anysuch powers, functions or dutiesof theAuthority as may be delegated to such agency by the Authority.

(4) The members of a DistrictEnvironmental Agency may be paid such remuneration as the Minister mayinconsultation with the Minister in charge ofthe subject of Finance, determine.

PART II

POWERS. FUNCTIONS AND DUTIES

OF THE AUTHORITY

10. (1) The powers, functionsand duties of the Authority shall be-

(a) to administer the provisionsof this Act and the regulations made thereunder

(b) to recommend to theMinister,national environmental policy andcriteria for the protection ofanyportion of the environment withrespect to the uses and values,whethertangible or intangible, tobe protected, the quality to bemaintained. the extentto which the discharge of wastes may bepermitted without detriment tothequality of the environment and long range development uses and planning andany other factors relating to the protection and management of the environment;

(c) to undertake surveys and investigationsas to the causes, nature, extent and prevention of pollution and to assist andcooperate with other persons orbodies carrying out similar surveysorinvestigations;

(d) to conduct, promote andco-ordinate research in relation to any aspect of the environmental degradationor the prevention thereof, and to develop criteria for the protection andimprovement of the environment;

(e) to specify standards,norms and criteria for the protection of beneficial uses and for maintainingthe quality of the environment;

(f) to publish reports andinformation with respect to any aspects of environmental protection and management;

(g) to undertake investigationsand inspections to ensure compliance with this Act and to investigate complaintsrelating to non compliance with any of itsprovisions;

(h) to specify methods to beadopted intaking samples and making tests forthe purposes of this Act;

(i) to provide informationand education to the public regarding the protection and improvement of the environment;

(j) to establish and maintainliaison withother countries and international organizations with respect to environmentalprotection and management;

(k) to report to the Ministerupon matters concerning the protection and management of the environment andupon any amendments it thinks desirable inexisting legislation concerninganyportion of the environment. And upon any matters referred to it by theMinister;

(l) to promote, encourage,co-ordinateand carry out long range planning in environmental protection and management;

(m) to encourage, promote andgiveeffect to methods of converting andutilizing residues.

(2) Before the end of themonth of December of each year, the Authority shall submit to the Minister, areport of the work of the Authority and the Council during the previousfinancial year, and the Minister shall cause such report to be tabled before Parliamentwithin fourteen days after its receipt or, if Parliament is not in session withinfourteen days after the next meeting of Parliament.

11.The Authority may with theconsentof the Minister, or in accordance with theterms of any general authoritygiven by him, borrow temporarily, by way of overdraft or otherwise, such sum asthe Authority mayrequire for meeting the obligations of the Authority in dischargingits duties under this Act:

Provided that the aggregateof theamounts outstanding in respect of anytemporary loans raised by theAuthority under this subsection shall not at any time exceed such sum as may bedetermined by the Minister in consultation with the Minister in charge of thesubject of Finance.

12. (1) The Authority maywith the concurrence of the Minister, from time to time, give to any localauthority in writing such directions whether special or general todo or causeto be done any act or thing which the Authority deems necessary forsafeguarding and protecting the environment within the local limits of such localauthority.

(2) Every local authority towhich a direction has been given under subsection (1) shall comply with suchdirection.

 

PART III

STAFF OF THE AUTHORITY

13. (1) There shall be aGeneral Manager of the Authority appointed by theMinister, who shall be thechief executive officer of the Authority.

(2) The General Managershall, subject tothe general direction and control of the Chairman, be chargedwith the directionof the business of the Authority, the organization andexecution of the powers, functions and duties of the Authority and theadministration and control of the employees of the Authority.

(3) The General Manager shallalso function as Secretary to the Authority.

(4) The Secretary shall beentitled to be present and to speak at meetings, but shall not be entitled tovote at such meetings.

14.(1) The Authority may appointsuchofficers and servants as it considers necessary for the efficient exercise,discharge and performance of its powers, function sand duties.

(2) The officers and servantsof the Authority shall be remunerated in suchmanner and at such rates, andshall be subject to such conditions of service, as maybe determined by suchregulations as maybe prescribed.

(3) At the request of theAuthority anyofficer in the public service may, with theconsent of that officerand the Secretary to the Ministry charged with the subject of PublicAdministration, be temporarily appointed to the staff of the Authority fo suchperiod as may be determined by the Authority with like consentor be permanentlyappointed to such staff.

(4) Where any officer in thepublic serviceis temporarily appointed to the staff of the Authority, theprovisions of subsection (2)of section 13 of the transport Board Lawshall, mutatismutandis, apply to and inrelation to him.

(5) Where any officer in thepublic serviceis permanently appointed to the staff of theAuthority, theprovisions of subsection (3)of section 13 of the Transport Board Lawshall, mutatismutandis, apply to and inrelation to him.

(6) Where the Authorityemploys anyperson who has entered into a contract withthe Government by whichhe has agreed toserve the Government for a specified period, any period ofservice with the Authority bythat person shall be regarded as service totheGovernment for the purpose of discharging the obligations of such contract.

(7) At the request of theAuthority anymember of the Local Government Serviceor any other officer orservant of any local authority may with the consent of suchmember, officer orservant and the Local Government Service Advisory Board or that localauthority, as the case may be, be temporarily appointed to the staff of the Authorityfor such period as may bedetermined by the Authority with like consent or bepermanently appointed tosuch staff on such terms and conditions including thoserelating to pension orprovident fund rights as may be agreedupon by theAuthority and the Local Government Service Advisory Board or thatlocalauthority.

(8) Where any person istemporarily appointed to the staff of the Authority inpursuance of theprovisions of subsection (7), such person shall be subject to the same disciplinarycontrol as any other member ofsuch staff.

 

PART IV

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

15. The Authority inconsultation withthe Council shall, with the assistance of theMinistry chargedwith the subject of Lands,formulate and recommend to the Ministera land usescheme consistent with thefollowing objects :-

(a) to provide a rational,orderly and efficient system of the acquisition, utilization and disposition ofland and its resources in order to derive there from maximum benefits; and

(b) to encourage the prudentuse and conservation of land resources in order to prevent an imbalance betweenthe needs of the nation and such resources.

(c) a comprehensive andaccurate determination of the adaptability of land for community development,agriculture, industry or commerce;

(d) identification of areashaving important historic, cultural, or aesthetic value where uncontrolleddevelopment could result In . irreparable damage;

(e) a method for exercisingcontrol by the Government over the use of land in areas where environmentcontrol is deemed necessary; and

(f) a policy for influencingthe location of new areas for the resettlement of persons and the methods forassuring appropriate controls over the use of land in and around such areas.

 

NATURAL RESOURCES

17. The Authority in consultationwiththe Council shall recommend to theMinister the basic policy onthemanagement and conservation of thecountry's natural resources .in ordertoobtain the optimum benefits therefrom andto preserve the same for futuregenerationsand the general measures through whichsuch policy may be carried outeffectively.

FISHERIES

18. The Authority inconsultation withthe Council shall, with the assistance of the Ministry chargedwith the subject of Fisheries, recommend to the Minister asystem of rationalexploitation of fisheries and aquatic resources within the territorialwaters ofSri Lanka, or within its exclusive economic zone, or within its inlandwatersand shall encourage citizen participation therein to maintain and enhancetheoptimum and continuous productivity ofsuch waters.

19. Measures for therationalexploitation of fisheries and other aquaticresources may include theregulation of themarketing of threatened species of fish orother aquatic life.

20. The Authority inconsultation with the Council shall, with the assistance of theMinistry chargedwith the subject of Wildlife Conservation, recommend to theMinister a system ofrational exploitationand conservation of wildlife resources andshall encouragecitizen participation in suchactivities.

FORESTRY

21. The Authority inconsultation withthe Council shall, with the assistance of theMinistry chargedwith the subject of Forestry, recommend to the Minister asystem of-

(a) (i) rational exploitation offorestresources,

(ii) regulation of themarketing ofthreatened forest resources,

(iii) conservation ofthreatened species offlora, and the encouragement ofcitizen participationtherewith tokeep the country's forest resourcesat maximum productivity atalltimes;

(b) promoting a continuing effortonreforestation, timber standimprovement, forest protection,landclassification, forest occupancymanagement, industrial treeplantation. parksand wildlifemanagement, multiple use forest,timber management andforestresearch.

SOIL CONSERVATION

22, The Authority in consultationwiththe Council shall, with the assistance of theMinistry charged with thesubject of SoilConservation, recommend soil conservationprogrammes includingtherein theidentification and protection of criticalwatershed areas,encouragement of scientificfarming technique, physical and biologicalmeans ofsoil conservation, and short term,and long term research and technologyforeffective soil conservation.

23. The Authority mayundertake andpromote continuing studies and researchprogrammes on environmentalmanagementand shall, from time to time, determinepriority areas ofenvironmental research.

 

PART V

GENERAL

24. (1) For the purpose ofgiving effectto the principles and objects of this Act, theAuthority may, bynotice in writing served on the occupier of any premises, require that occupierto furnish to the Authority within fourteen days or such longer period asisspecified in the notice such information asto any manufacturing, industrial, ortrade process carried on in such premises or as toany wastes discharged orlikely to be discharged from the said premises as isspecified in the notice.

(2) The Authority shall treatall information furnished to it pursuant to any requirement made undersubsection (1) withthe strictest secrecy and shall not divulge such informationto any person other thanto a court, subject to subsection (3) for thepurpose ofany prosecution for an offence under this Act.

(3) Anyinformation furnishedorstatement made to the Authority pursuant to any requirement made undersubsection (1) shall not if the person furnishing the information of making thestatement, objects, at the time of furnishing the information or statement, todoing so on theground that it might tend to incriminatehim, be admissible inevidence upon any proceedings against that person for anoffence under this Act.

25. The Authority mayappoint-

(a) analysts for making analysisof samples taken for the purposes of that Act; and

(b) pollution control officersfor inspection and evaluating the records of monitoring prescribed equipmentand installations for detecting the presence, quantity nature of waste andtheir effects on the receiving portions of the environment.

26. (1) Subject to subsection(5) theAuthority may by order delegate any of itspowers, duties and functionsunder this Actto any Government department or any localauthority.

(2) Where the Authority hasdelegated any power to any Government department or to any local authority anyofficer of such Government department or local authority may exercise any ofthe powers which the General Manager would be able to exercisehad he beenexercising the power himself.

(3) Nothing in this sectionshall precludethe Authority from any responsibility to protect the environmentand from administering the provisions of this Act.

(4) An order made undersubsection (1) may be revoked or varied at any time by theAuthority.

(5) An order under subsection(1) shallnot be made by the Authority-

(a) in respect of any localauthorityexcept with the concurrence of theMinister; and

(b) in respect of anyGovernmentdepartment except with theconcurrence of the Minister incharge ofsuch Governmentdepartment.

27. All members, officers andservantsof the Authority shall be deemed to bepublic servants within themeaning of andfor the purposes of the Penal Code.

28. The Authority shall bedeemed to bea scheduled institution within the meaningof the Bribery Act andthe provisions of thatAct shaIl be construed accordingly.

29. The provisions of thisAct shall haveeffect notwithstanding anything to thecontrary in the provisionsof any other written law, and accordingly in the event ofany conflict orinconsistency between the provisions of this Act and the provisions of suchother written law, the provisions of this Act shall prevail over the provisionsof such other written law.

30. (1) No suit orprosecution shall lie-

(a) against the Authority, forany act direction of thewhich in good faith is done or Authority purported tobe done by the Authority under this Act;

(b) against the members of the Authority,Councilor District Environmental Agency or any officer or servant of theAuthority for any act which in good faith is done or purported to be doneunderthis Act, or on the direction of the Authority.

(2) Any expense incurred bythe Authority in any suit or prosecution brought by or against the Authoritybefore any court shall be paid out of the Fund ofthe Authority and any costspaid to, orrecovered by the Authority in any such suitor prosecution shall becredited to the Fund of the Authority.

(3) Any expense incurred byany suchperson as is referred to in paragraph (b)of subsection (1) inany suit or prosecution brought against him before any court inrespect of anyact which is done or ispurported to be done by him under this Actor on thedirection of the Authority shall, ifthe court holds that such act was doneingood faith, be paid out of the Fund of the Authority, unless such expense isrecoveredby him in such suit or prosecution.

31. Every person who contravenesor fails to comply with any provision of thisAct or of any regulation madethereundershall be guilty of an offence and shall on conviction before aMagistrate be liable to imprisonment of either description for aterm notexceeding two years or to a finenot exceeding one thousand five hundred rupeesor to both such imprisonment andfine.

32. (1) The Minister may makeregulations in respect of all matters which are stated or required by this Actto beprescribed or for which regulations are required by this Act to be made.

(2) Every regulation made bythe Minister shall be published in the Gazette and shall come into operation onthe date of such publication or upon such later date asmay be specified in theregulation.

(3) Every regulation made bythe Minister shall, as soon as convenient after its publication in the Gazette,be brought before Parliament for approval. Every regulation which is not soapproved shall bedeemed to be rescinded as from the date ofsuch disapproval butwithout prejudice toanything previously done thereunder.Notification of thedate on which any regulation is deemed to be rescinded shall be published inthe Gazette.

33. In this Act unless thecontextotherwise requires-

"beneficial use"means a use of theenvironment or any portion of theenvironment that isconducive topublic benefit, welfare, safety, orhealth and whichrequiresprotection from the effects of waste,discharges, emissions anddeposits;

“environment" means thephysicalfactors of the surroundings of human beings including the land,soil,water, atmosphere, climate,sound, odours, tastes and the biological factors ofanimals and plants of every description;

"exclusive economiczone" means thezone declared to be the exclusiveeconomic zone, byproclamation made under section 5 of the Maritime Zones Law;

" land" includesmessuages, buildings andany easements relating thereto;

“local authority" meansany MunicipalCouncil, Urban Council, TownCouncilor Village Council andincludesany Authority created and established by or under any law toexercise, performand dischargepowers, duties, and functions corresponding or similar tothepowers, duties and functions exercised, performed and discharged by any suchCouncil;

“pollution" means anydirect or indirect alternation of the physical, thermal, chemical, biological,or radioactiveproperties of any part of the environment by thedischarge,emission, or the deposit of wastesso as to affect any beneficialuseadversely or to cause a conditionwhich is hazardous or potentially hazardousto public health, safety,or welfare, or to animals, birds,wildlife, aquaticlife, or to plants ofevery description;

“prescribed" meansprescribed byregulations;

“territorial waters"includes the territorial sea and the historic waters of Sri Lanka; and

“waste" includes anymatter prescribedto be waste and any matter,whether liquid, solid, gaseous,orradioactive, which is discharged,emitted, or deposited in the environment insuch volume,constituency or manner as to cause an alteration of theenvironment.

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