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斯里兰卡海事区法
Maritime Zones Law
【发布部门】斯里兰卡国会 【发文字号】
【发布日期】1976年09月01日 【实施日期】1976年09月01日
【时效性】现行有效 【效力级别】法律
【法规类别】斯里兰卡法规规划 【来源】联合国粮农组织网站

斯里兰卡海事区法

【法律沿革】

本法于1976年9月1日由斯里兰卡总统颁布实施。

【内容介绍】

本法共计15条,包括各海域的划定以及权利义务等。

【内容出处】

http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC002634

海事区法(Maritime Zones Law)

No. 22 of 1 September 1976

Section 1

1. This Law may be cited as the Maritime Zones Law, No.22 of 1976.

Section 2

2. (1) The President of theRepublic of Sri Lanka may, by Proclamation published in the Gazette, declarethe limits of the sea beyond the land territory and internal  waters of Sri Lanka which shall be theterritorial sea of SriLanka, specifying in such Proclamation the baselines fromwhich such limits shall be measured. The waters on the land wardside of suchbaselines shall form part of the internal waters of Sri Lanka.

(2) Where an island or rock, or a group of islands and rocks,or a group of islands or a group of rocks, constituting part of the territoryof Sri Lanka is situated seaward from the main coast or baseline, theterritorial sea shall extend to the limits declared by the Proclamation undersubsection (1) measured from the low-water mark ofordinary spring tides alongthe seaward edge of such island or rock, or group of islands and rocks, orgroup of islands or group of rocks.

(3) The sovereignty of the Republic extends to theterritorial sea and to the air space over the territorial sea aswell as to itsbed and subsoil.

Section 3

3. (1) Ships of all States shall enjoy the right ofinnocent passage through the territorial sea. Passage is innocent only so longas such passage is not prejudicial to the peace, good order or security of theRepublic;Provided that no foreign warship shall enter or passthrough the territorial sea except with the prior consent of, and subject tosuch conditions as may be specified by, the Minister.

(2) No foreign aircraft shall enter or pass through theairspace above the territorial sea, except in accordancewith the written lawsin force in Sri Lanka;Provided that noforeign military aircraft shall enter or pass through the airspace above theterritorial sea except with the prior consent of, and subject to suchconditions as may be specified by, the Minister.

(3) A foreign ship or foreign aircraft which acts incontravention of the provisions of this section is liable to confiscation.

(4) The Minister may, by Order published in the Gazette, suspend,in a specified area or areas of theterritorial sea the right of innocentpassage of any ship, if, in his opinion, such suspension is necessary in orderto safeguard the peace, good order or security of the Republic.

Section 4

4. (1) The President may, by Proclamation published inthe Gazette, declare the limits of a zone contiguous tothe territorial sea andextending seaward from the outer limits of the territorial sea which shall bethe contiguous zone of Sri Lanka.

(2) Where there is a reasonable apprehension of thecontravention of any written laws of Sri Lanka inrelation to:

(a) The security of the Republic;

(b) Immigration, health and sanitation;

(c) Customs and other revenue matters,

the relevant Minister shall take such measures as may benecessary in respect of the contiguous zone in order tosecure the enforcementof, or to prevent the contravention of, such laws.

Section 5

5. (1) The President may, by Proclamation published inthe Gazette, declare any zone of the sea adjacent to theterritorial sea, aswell as the seabed and subsoil thereof, to be the exclusive economic zone ofSri Lanka. The limits of such zone shall be specified in the Proclamation.

(2) All the natural resources, both living and non-living,within the exclusive economic zone, on and under the seabed and in the subsoiland on the water surface and within the water column shall vest in theRepublic.

(3) In the exclusive economic zone the Republic has--

(a) sovereign rights for the purpose of exploration,exploitation, conservation and management of the natural resources, both livingand non-living, as well as for the production of energy from tides, winds andcurrents, and for other economic uses;

(b) exclusive rights and jurisdiction to authorize,regulate and control scientific research;

(c) exclusive rights and jurisdiction for theconstruction, maintenance or operation of artificial islands,off-shoreterminals, installations and other structures and devices necessary for theexploration and exploitation ofthe resources of the zone, for the convenienceof shipping or for any other purpose; and(d) other rights recognized byinternational law.

Section 6

6. (1) The continental shelf of Sri Lanka shall comprise:

(a) the sea-bed and sub-soil of thesubmarine areas that extend beyond the territorial sea of Sri Lanka throughoutthe natural prolongation of the land territory of Sri Lanka to the outer edgeof the continental margin or toa distance of two hundred nautical miles fromthe base-line from which the territorial sea is measured where the outer edgeof the continental margin does not extend up to that distance; and

(b) the sea-bed and sub-soil of the analogous submarineareas adjacent to the coast of any island or rock,or group of islands androcks, or group of islands or group of rocks, constituting part of theterritory of Sri Lanka.

(2) All the natural resources, both living andnon-living, on and under the sea-bed and in the sub-soil of the continentalshelf shall vest in the Republic.

(3) In respect of the continental shelf the Republic has:-

(a) sovereign rights for the purpose of exploration,exploitation, conservation and management of the natural resources, both livingand non-living;

(b) exclusive rights and jurisdiction to authorize,regulate and control scientific research;

(c) exclusive rights and jurisdiction for theconstruction, maintenance or operation of artificial islands,off-shoreterminals, installations and other structures and devices necessary for theexploration and exploitation ofthe resources of the continental shelf, for theconvenience of shipping or for any other purpose; and

(d) other rights recognized by international law.

Section 7

7. (1) The President may, by Proclamation published inthe Gazette, declare any zone of the sea adjacent to the territorial sea, andof the seabed and subsoil thereof, to be the pollution prevention zone of SriLanka. The limits ofsuch zone shall be specified in the Proclamation.

(2) The relevant Minister shall take such steps as may benecessary to control and prevent the pollution of and to preserve theecological balance within, such zone.

Section 8

8. Notwithstanding the provisions of this Law or anyother written law:

(a) the boundary between Sri Lanka and India in thewaters from Palk Strait to Adam's Bridge shall be thearcs of Great Circlesbetween the following positions in the sequence given here under defined bylatitude and longitude:

Position 1: 10°°05' North, 80° 03' East

Position 2: 09° 57' North, 79° 35' East

Position 3: 09° 40.15' North, 79° 22.60' East

Position 4: 09° 21.80' North, 79° 30.70' East

Position 5: 09° 13' North, 79° 32' East

Position 6: 09° 06' North, 79° 32' East;

(b) the boundary between Sri Lanka and India in the Gulfof Mannar shall be the arcs of the Great Circles between the followingpositions in the sequence given here under defined by latitude and longitude:

Position 1m: 09° 06.0' North 79° 32.0' East

Position 2m: 09° 00.0' North 79° 31.3' East

Position 3m: 08° 53.8' North 79° 29.3' East

Position 4m: 08° 40.0' North 79° 18.2' East

Position 5m: 08° 37.2' North 79° 13.0' East

Position 6m: 08° 31.2' North 79° 04.7' East

Position 7m: 08° 22.2' North 78° 55.4' East

Position 8m: 08° 12.2' North 78° 53.7' East

Position 9m: 07° 35.3' North 78° 45.7' East

Position 10m: 07° 21.0' North 78° 38.8' East

Position 11m: 06° 30.8' North 78° 12.2' East

Position 12m: 05° 53.9' North 77° 50.7' East

Position 13m: 05° 00.0' North 77° 10.6' East;

(c) the boundary between Sri Lanka and India in the Bayof Bengal shall be the arcs of Great Circlesbetween the following positions inthe sequence given hereunder defined by latitude and longitude:

Position 1 b: 10° 05.0' North 80° 03.0' East

Position 1 ba: 10° 05.8' North 80° 05.0' East

Position 1 bb: 10° 08.4' North 80° 09.5' East

Position 2 b: 10° 33.0' North 80° 46.0' East

Position 3 b: 10° 41.7' North 81° 02.5' East

Position 4 b: 11° 02.7' North 81° 56.0' East

Position 5 b: 11° 16.0' North 82° 24.4' East

Position 6 b: 11° 26.6' North 83° 22.0' East.

Section 9

9. (1) The President may by Proclamation published in theGazette declare the limits of the historic waters ofSri Lanka.

(2) The Republic of Sri Lanka shall exercise sovereignty,exclusive jurisdiction and control in and over thehistoric waters, as well asin and over the islands and the continental shelf and the seabed and subsoilthere of withinsuch historic waters.

Section 10

10. As soon as may be convenient after the coming intooperation of this Law, and thereafter when ever necessary, the Minister mayrequire the Surveyor-General to publish or cause to be published a mapindicating thelow-water mark of ordinary spring tides, the baselines formeasurement of the territorial sea, and the outer limits ofthe territorial seaand other maritime zones and jurisdiction of Sri Lanka declared in accordancewith the provisions of this Law.

Section 11

11. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in any otherwritten law, every reference in any written law to theexpressions"territorial waters", "territorial sea", "coastalwaters", "contiguous zone", "exclusive economiczone","continental shelf" or "pollution preventionzone" shall be read and construed subject to and in accordance with the provisionsof this Law.

Section 12

12. In order to give effect to the principles and provisionsof this Law, all written laws in force in Sri Lanka shallbe read and construedas though the applicability of such laws, wherever relevant, extends to thelimits of thecontiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone, the continentalshelf, or the pollution prevention zone, as the case may be.

Section 13

13. (1) The Minister may make regulations for the purposeof giving effect to the provisions of this Law.

(2) Every regulation made by the Minister shall bepublished in the Gazette and shall come into operation onthe date of suchpublication or upon such later date as may be specified in the regulation.

(3) Every regulation made by the Minister shall, as soonas convenient after its publication in the Gazette, bebrought before theNational State Assembly for approval. Every regulation which is not so approvedshall bedeemed to be rescinded as from the date of such disapproval, butwithout prejudice to anything previously done there under.

Section 14

14. In any proceedings before any court in Sri Lanka, if aquestion arises as to whether any act or omission hasbeen done or omitted to bedone within or without the territorial sea of Sri Lanka, or in any other zoneor jurisdiction declared under this Law, a certificate of the Minister signedby him shall be prima facie proof of the place wheresuch act or omission wasdone or omitted to be done.

Section 15

15. In this Law, unless the context otherwise requires:

"foreign aircraft" shall have the same meaningas in the Air Navigation Act;

"military aircraft" means an aircraft which, byreason of the equipment contained therein, could be used forany warlikepurpose;

"ship" means any description of ship or vesselor boat, or any other description of vessel used in navigation onor below thewaters and not exclusively propelled by oars, paddles or poles, and includesall equipment, apparel andappurtenances (excluding supplies for maintenance)which are necessary for the navigation and conduct of the business of the ship;and

"warship" means a ship which, by reason of theequipment contained therein, could be used for any warlike purpose.


斯里兰卡的海洋边界



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